Our community uses The United States Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) definition of homelessness.They define the term “homeless” as “a person sleeping in a place not meant for human habitation (e.g. living on the streets, for example) OR living in a homeless emergency shelter.”
HUD adopted the Federal definition which defines a chronically homeless person as “either (1) an unaccompanied homeless individual with a disabling condition who has been continuously homeless for a year or more, OR (2) an unaccompanied individual with a disabling condition who has had at least four episodes of homelessness in the past three years.”
supportive housing is decent, safe, affordable, community-based housing that
provides tenants with the rights of tenancy and links to voluntary and flexible
supports and services for people with disabilities who are experiencing
homelessness. Permanent supportive housing is a proven, effective means of
reintegrating chronically homeless and other highly vulnerable homeless
families and individuals with psychiatric disabilities or chronic health
challenges into the community by addressing their basic needs for housing and
providing ongoing support.
To learn more about Washtenaw County's PSH programs, please click here. Click here for definition source.
Housing Choice Voucher
housing choice voucher program, administered locally by the Public Housing
Authority, is the federal government's major program for assisting very
low-income families, the elderly, and the disabled to afford decent, safe, and
sanitary housing in the private market. Since housing assistance is provided on
behalf of the family or individual, participants are able to find their own
housing, including single-family homes, townhouses and apartments.
Re-Housing is a promising approach to end certain cases of homelessness. Rapid
Re-Housing provides targeted financial assistance and short-term services to
individuals and families in emergency shelters who need temporary assistance to
secure and retain housing. Short-term financial assistance reduces the time
families spend in shelter. Follow up assistance in accessing employment and
mainstream services, money management, and maintaining housing helps families
keep their housing.Rapid Re-Housing does
not meet the needs of every person who experiences homelessness, but is an
important option for many who have relatively low barriers to independent
To learn more about Washtenaw County's Rapid Re-Housing programs, please click here. Click here for definition source.
United States Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)
HUD is the federal funder of the majority of homeless federal programs in the country.
Michigan State Housing Development Authority (MSHDA)
provides financial and technical assistance through public and private
partnerships to create and preserve safe and decent affordable housing. MSHDA
is the state agency that funds some homeless programs in Washtenaw County.
is an approach that offers permanent, affordable housing as quickly as possible
for individuals and families experiencing homelessness, and then provides the
supportive services and connections to the community-based supports people need
to keep their housing and avoid returning to homelessness. Housing provides a
foundation from which a person or family can access the services and supports
they need to achieve stability, begin the recovery process, and pursue personal
goals. While Housing First can be used in both short- and long-term
interventions, the approach is closely tied to permanent supportive housing and
therefore discussed in this context here. The Housing First approach can be
applied to rapid re-housing as well.